This list is still a work in progress. Please suggest additions! Note that this list focuses on work in the humanities and social sciences, rather than more technical work in planning, design, science, engineering or architecture.

Journals & Magazines

Environment and Planning D: Society and Space

Environmental Science & Technology

Found Magazine: Lost and Found Culture

International Journal of Sustainable Engineering

Journal of Historical Geography

Journal of Material Culture

Orion Magazine

The Public Historian

Social Societies and Waste Network (Sociétés Urbaines et Déchets)



Campos, M.J.Z. and P. Zapata. (2014). “The travel of global ideas of waste management. The case of Managua and its informal settlements.Habitat International 41(1): 41-49.

Lepawsky, Josh. 2014. “The Changing Geography of Global Trade in Electronic Discards: time to rethink the e-waste problem.” The Geographical Journal.

Rogers D, 2014, “The Sydney Metropolitan Strategy as a zoning technology: analyzing the spatial and temporal dimensions of obsolescence” Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 32(1) 108 – 127.


Broto, V. C. (2013). “Symbolic Violence and the Politics of Environmental Pollution Science: The Case of Coal Ash Pollution in Bosnia and Herzegovina.Antipode, 45: 621–640.

Crang, M., Hughes, A., Gregson, N., Norris, L. and Ahamed, F. (2013). “Rethinking governance and value in commodity chains through global recycling networks.” Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 38: 12–24.

DeSivey, Caitlin, and Tim Edensor. (2013). “Reckoning with ruins.” Progress in Human Geography 37(4): 465-485.

Dillon, L. (2013). “Race, Waste, and Space: Brownfield Redevelopment and Environmental Justice at the Hunters Point Shipyard.Antipode.

Gille, Zsuzsa. (2013). “Is there an emancipatory ontology of matter? A response to Myra Hird.” Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 2 (4) 1-6.

Goldstein, J. (2013). “Terra Economica: Waste and the Production of Enclosed Nature.” Antipode, 45: 357–375.

Guerrero, A.L.. et. al. (2013). “Solid waste management challenges for cities in developing countries.” Waste Management 33(1): 220-232.

Herod A, Pickren G, Rainnie A and McGrath-Champ S. (2013). “Waste, commodity fetishism and the ongoingness of economic life.” Area 45 376–82.

Hird, M.J. (2013) ‘Waste, Landfills, and an Environmental Ethics of Vulnerability’, Ethics and the Environment 18(1): 105-124.

Houston, D. (2013). “Environmental Justice Storytelling: Angels and Isotopes at Yucca Mountain, Nevada.” Antipode, 45: 417–435.

Lepawsky, J. and Mather, C. (2013). “Checking in with reality: a response to Herod et al.” Area, 45: 383–385

Liboiron, M. (2013). “Modern Waste as Strategy,” Lo Squaderno: Explorations in Space and Society. Special edition on Garbage & Wastes. No 29.

Mazón, Pablo Rey. (2013). “Basurama: a framework for designing collectively with waste.” Reclaim and Remake International Symposium, Washington, DC. 11-13 April.

Nagle, Robin. (2013). Material Remains: The Perpetual Challenge of GarbageScientific American, October 25.

Sandlos, John and Keeling, Arn .(2013). Zombie Mines and the (Over)burden of History.” The Solutions Journal, 4 (3).


Evans, D. (2012). “Binning, gifting and recovery: the conduits of disposal in household food consumption” Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 30(6) 1123 – 1137.

Evans, David. (2012). “Beyond the Throwaway Society: Ordinary Domestic Practice and a Sociological Approach to Household Food Waste.” Sociology 46 (1): 41-56.

Ghertner, D. A. (2012). “Nuisance Talk and the Propriety of Property: Middle Class Discourses of a Slum-Free Delhi.Antipode 44: 1161–1187.

Hird, M. J. (2012). “Knowing Waste: Towards an Inhuman Epistemology.” Social Epistemology, 26(3-4), 453-469.

Hockey, Jenny, Trish Green, Andy Clayden, and Mark Powell. (2012). “Landscapes of the dead? Natural burial and the materialization of absence,” Journal of Material Culture 17: 115-132.

Krupar, Shiloh. (2012. “Transnatural Ethics: Revisiting the Nuclear Cleanup of Rocky Flats, CO, through the Queer Ecology of Nuclia Waste.” Cultural Geographies 19 (3): 303–327.

Lepawsky J. (2012). “Legal geographies of e-waste legislation in Canada and the US: jurisdiction, responsibility and the taboo of production,” Geoforum 43: 1194–206.

Liboiron, Max. (2012). “Tactics of Waste, Dirt and Discard in the Occupy Movement.” Social Movement Studies 11(3-4): 393-401.

McFarlane, Wallace Scot.  (2012). “Defining a Nuisance: Pollution, Science, and Environmental Politics on Maine’s Androscoggin River.” Environmental History 17(2): 307-335.

Magnani, N. (2012). “Nonhuman Actors, Hybrid Networks, and Conflicts Over Municipal Waste Incinerators.” Organization & Environment 25(2):131–45.

Moore, Sarah A. (2012). “Garbage matters: Concepts in new geographies of waste.” Progress in Human Geography 36: 780-799.

Neyland, Daniel, and Elena Simakova. (2012). “Managing Electronic Waste: A Study of Market Failure.” New Technology, Work and Employment 27(1):36–51.

Offenhuber, Dietmar, David Lee, Malima I. Wolf, Santi Phithakkitnukoon, Assaf Biderman, and Carlo Ratti. (2012). “Putting Matter in Place: Measuring Tradeoffs in Waste Disposal and Recycling.” Journal of the American Planning Association 78 (2): 173–196.

Salisbury, Roderick B. (2012). “Engaging with soil, past and present,” Journal of Material Culture  17: 23-41.

Scot MacFarlane, Wallance. (2012). “Defining a Nuisance: Pollution, Science, and Environmental Politics on Maine’s Androscoggin River.Environmental History 17(20: 307-335.

Zanisnik, Bryan. (2012). “Beyond Passaic: Contamination, security threats, hobo encampments. A Meadowlands photo essay.” Triple Canopy 15.


Björkén-Nyberg, Celia. (2011). “Roll Out Beethoven: The player piano and musical waste in Edwardian England.” European Journal of English Studies 15(1): 7-17.

Boustani, A., et al. (2011). “Investigation of the waste-removal chain through pervasive computing,” IBM Journal of Research and Development 55(1.2):1-11.

Breivik, Knut, et al. (2011). “Are Reductions in Industrial Organic Contaminants Emissions in Rich Countries Achieved Partly by Export of Toxic Wastes?Environ. Sci. Technol., 45(21): 9154–9160.

Cram, Shannon. (2011). “Escaping S-102: Waste, Illness, and the Politics of Not Knowing.” International Journal of Science and Society 2 (1): 243–252.

Crawshaw, Jane Stevens. (2011). “The Beasts of Burial: Pizzigamorti and Public Health for the Plague in Early Modern Venice.” Soc Hist Med 24(3): 570-587.

Crewe, Louise. (2011). “Life itemised: lists, loss, unexpected significance, and the enduring geographies of discard.” Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 29(1):27-46.

Davies, Anna R. (2011). “Geography and the matter of waste mobilities.” Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers: 36(4): 1475-5661.

Gidwani, V. and R. N. Reddy (2011). “The Afterlives of “Waste”: Notes from India for a Minor History of Capitalist Surplus.” Antipode 43(5): 1625-1658.

Jin, Huimin. (2011). “Rubbish as a Consequence of the Ever More Refined Industrialization. Theory, Culture & Society 28(7-8): 354-357.

Krupa, Shiloh R. (2011). “Alien still life: distilling the toxic logics of the Rocky Flats National Wildlife Refuge.” Environment and Planning D  29: 268 – 290.

Lepawsky, Josh and Mostaem Billah. (2011). “Making Chains that (Un)Make Things: Waste-Value Relations and the Bangladeshi Rubbish Electronics Industry.” Geografiska Annaler: Series B, Human Geography 93(20: 121-139.

Lepawsky, Josh and Mather, C. (2011). “From Beginnings and Endings to Boundaries and Edges: rethinking circulation and exchange through electronic waste”. Area 43 (3): 242-249.

Lippert, Ingmar. (2011). “Sustaining Waste – Sociological Perspectives on Recycling a Hybrid Object.”  in Implementing Environmental and Resource Management, edited by Michael Schmidt, Vincent Onyango, and Dmytro Palekhov. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg: 283–305.

McLean, S. (2011). “BLACK GOO: Forceful Encounters with Matter in Europe’s Muddy Margins.” Cultural Anthropology 26(4): 589-619.

Min’an, Wang. (2011). “On Rubbish,” Theory, Culture & Society 28(7-8): 340-353.

Nagle, Robin. (2011). “How to Find Mongo and Other Lessons from the Field.” Anthropology Now 3(1):66-72.

Offenhuber, D., et al. (2011). “Urban Digestive Systems- Trash Track.” Sentient City: Ubiquitous Computing, Architecture, and the Future of Urban Space. MIT Press: 90-109.

Parlati, M. (2011). “Beyond Inchoate Debris: Dust in contemporary culture.” European Journal of English  Studies 15(1):73-84.

Reno, Joshua. (2011). “Managing the Experience of Evidence: England’s Experimental Waste Technologies and their Immodest Witnesses.Science, Technology and Human Values, 36(6): 842-863.

Romanillos, J. L. (2011). “Geography, death, and finitude.” Environment and Planning A 43(11): 2533 – 2553.

Stamatopoulou-Robbins, Sophia. (2011). “In Colonial Shoes: Notes on the Material Afterlife in Post-Oslo Palestine.” Jerusalem Quarterly 48: 54-77.

Yates, M. (2011). “The Human-As-Waste, the Labor Theory of Value and Disposability in Contemporary Capitalism.Antipode 43(5): 1679-1695.


Anderson, Christopher Todd. (2010). “Sacred Waste: Ecology, Spirit, and the American Garbage Poem,” Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and the Environment 17(1): 35-60.

Biehler, Dawn. (2010). “Flies, manure, and window screens: medical entomology and environmental reform in early-twentieth-century US cities.” Journal of Historical Geography, 36(1): 68-78.

Cohen, M. J., Brown, H.S., Vergragt, P.J. (2010). “Individual consumption and systemic societal transformation: introduction to the special issue.Sustainability: Science, Practice, & Policy, 6(2).

Crang, Mike. (2010). “The death of great ships: photography, politics, and waste in the global imaginary.” Environment and Planning A, 42: 1084 – 1102.

Demaria, F. (2010). “Shipbreaking at Alang–Sosiya (India): An Ecological Distribution Conflict.” Ecological Economics 70(2): 250–260.

Di Chiro, Giovanna. 2010. “Polluted Politics? Confronting Toxic Discourse, Sex Panic, and Eco-Normativity.” In Queer Ecologies: Sex, Nature, Gender, Desire, edited by Catriona Mortimer-Sandilands and Bruce Erickson. Bloomington: Indiana University Press: 199–230.

Garcier, Romain. (2010). “The placing of matter: industrial water pollution and the construction of social order in nineteenth-century France.”  Journal of Historical Geography 36(2):132-142.

Gille, Zsuzsa. (2010). “Actor networks, modes of production, and waste regimes: reassembling the macro-social.” Environment and Planning A, 42: 1049 – 1064.

Gregson, N. and Crang, M. (2010). ‘Guest Editorial. Materiality and Waste: Inorganic Vitality in a Networked World’, Environment and Planning A, 42: 1026-1032.

Lepawsky, Josh, and Chris McNabb. (2010). “Mapping Flows of Electronic Waste.” The Canadian Geographer54(2): 177-195.

Liboiron, Max. (2010) “Recycling as a Crisis of Meaning.” eTopia: Canadian Journal of Cultural Studies 4.

Pickering, Lucy. (2010). “Toilets, Bodies, Selves: Enacting Composting as Counterculture in Hawai’i.” Body Society 16(4): 33-55.

Scheinberg, Anne and Arthur P J Mol. (2010). “Multiple modernities: transitional Bulgaria and the ecological modernisation of solid waste management.” Environment and Planning C  28: 18 – 36.

Steinberg, T. (2010). “Can capitalism save the planet? On the origins of green liberalism.” Radical History Review, 2010(107), 7-24.

2006- 2009

Barnes, D. K. A., F. Galgani, et al. (2009). “Accumulation and fragmentation of plastic debris in global environments.” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 364(1526).

Birgelen, M., J. Semeijin, M. Keicher. (2009). “Packaging and Proenvironmental Consumption Behavior: Investigating Purchase and Disposal Decisions for Beverages.” Environment and Behavior 41(1): 125-146.

Bissell, David. (2009). “Inconsequential Materialities: The Movements of Lost Effects.” Space and Culture, 12(1): 95-115.

Bridge, Gavin. (2009). “Material Worlds: Natural Resources, Resource Geography, and the Material Economy.” Geography Compass 3(3):1217-44.

Chilvers J, Burgess J.( 2008). “Power relations: the politics of risk and procedure in nuclear waste governance.Environment and Planning A 40(8): 1881-1900.

Coverly, E. d., P. McDonagh, et al. (2008). “Hidden Mountain: The Social Avoidance of Waste.” Journal of Macromarketing 28(3): 14.

DeSilvey, Caitlin. (2006). “Observed Decay: Telling Stories with Mutable Things.” Journal of Material Culture, 11(3): 318-338.

Douny, Laurence. (2007). “The Materiality of Domestic Waste: The Recycled Cosmology of the Dogon of Mali.” Journal of Material Culture, 2(3): 309-331.

Gabrys, Jennifer. (2009). “Sink: the dirt of systems.” Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 27: 666-681.

Giroux, H.A. (2006). “Reading Hurricane Katrina: race, class and the biopolitics of disposability”. College Literature 33(3): 171-196.

Gram-Hanssen, K. (2007). “Teenage consumption of cleanliness: how to make it sustainable?” Sustainability: Science, Practice, & Policy. 3(2), 15-23.

Greenpeace. (2006). “Plastic Debris in the World’s Oceans.” Defending Our Oceans, 44.

Graham S, Thrift N. (2007). “Out of order: understanding repair and maintenance.” Theory, Culture and Society 24(3): 1-25.

Gregson et al. (2009). “Following things of rubbish value: End-of-life ships, ‘chock-chocky’ furniture and the Bangladesh middle class consumers.” Geoforum, 41: pp. 846-854.

Gregson N, Metcalfe A, Crewe L. (2007). “Moving things along: the conduits and practices of divestment in consumption.Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 32(2): 187-200.

Gregson N, Metcalfe A, Crewe L. (2007). “Identity, mobility, and the throwaway society.” Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 25(4): 682-700.

Giroux, H.A. (2006). “Reading Hurricane Katrina: race, class and the biopolitics of disposability.” College Literature 33(3): 171-196.

Herod, Andrew and Luis L. M. Aguiar. (2006). Section II Introduction: Ethnographies of the cleaning body. Antipode 38(3): 530-533.

Herod, Andrew and Luis L. M. Aguiar. (2006). Section III Introduction: Cleaners’ agency. Antipode 38(3): 603-607. [Published simultaneously in Luis L. M. Aguiar and Andrew Herod (eds.), The Dirty Work of Neoliberalism: Cleaners in the Global Economy, pp. 172-176. Basil Blackwell: Oxford.]

Maycroft, Neil. (2009). “Not Moving Things Along: Hoarding, Clutter, and Other Ambiguous Matter.” The Journal of Consumer Behaviour, Special Issue on ‘Unpacking Disposal,’ 8(5).

Moore, L.J. (2007). “Incongruent Bodies: Teaching While Leaking.” Feminist Teacher 17(2): 95-106.

Moore SA .(2008). “The politics of garbage in Oaxaca, Mexico.” Society and Natural Resources: An International Journal 21: 597-610.

Nagle, Robin. (2008). “To Love a Landfill.” In Handbook of Regenerative Landscape Design, R. France, ed. London: Taylor & Francis/CRC Press

Reno, Joshua. (2009). “Your Trash is Someone’s Treasure: The Politics of Value at a Michigan Landfill.” Journal of Material Culture 14(1): 29-46.

Rootes, C. (2009). “Environmental movements, waste and waste infrastructure: an introduction.” Environmental politics, 18(6), 817-834.

Schneekloth, Lynda H. (2007). “Unruly and Robust: An Abandoned Industrial River” in Franck and Stevens, eds., Loose Space. New York and London: Routledge.

Shail, A. (2007). “‘Although a Woman’s Article’: Menstruant Economics and Creative Waste.Body & Society 13(4): 77-96.

Stoler, A. L. (2008). “Imperial debris: reflections on ruins and ruination.” Cultural Anthropology23(2), 191-219.

Thompson, R. C., C. J. Moore, et al. (2009). “Plastics, the environment and human health: current consensus and future trends.” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 364(1526).

Venn, C. (2006). “Rubbish, the Remmant, Etcetera.” Theory, Culture & Society 23(2-3):44.

Zimring, Carl. (2008). “‘Neon, Junk, and Ruined Landscape’: Competing Visions of America’s Roadsides and the Highway Beautification Act of 1965,” in Christof Mauch and Thomas Zeller (eds.), The World Beyond the Windshield: Roads and Landscapes in the United States and Europe. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press: 94-107.

2000- 2005

Ard,Patricia. (2005). “Garbage in the Garden State: A Trash Museum Confronts New Jersey’s Image.” The Public Historian, 27(3): 57-66.

Bauman, Zygmunt. (2001). “Excess: An Obituary.” Parallax 7(1): 85-91.

Bloomfield, Brian P. and Theo Vurdubakis. (2005). “The secret of Yucca Mountain: reflections on an object in extremis.” Environment and Planning D, 23: 735 – 756.

Bryant, R. L., & Goodman, M. K. (2004) “Consuming narratives: The political ecology of ‘alternative’ consumption.”Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 29(3), 344-366.

Chun, A. (2002). ‘Flushing into the Future: The Supermodern Japanese Toilet in a Changing Domestic Culture’, Postcolonial Studies 5(2): 153-70.

Clapp, J. (2002). “The Distancing of Waste: Overconsumption in a Global Economy.” Confronting Consumption. T. Princen, M. Maniates and K. Conca. Cambridge, Mass., MIT Press: 155-176.

Cooper. T. (2005). “Slower consumption: reflections on product lifespan and the throw away society.” Journal of Industrial Ecology, 9 (1-2): 51-67

DuPuis, E.M. (2000). “Not in my body: rBGH and the rise of organic milk.” Agriculture and Human Values, 17(3): 285–295.

Dutton, M., S. Seth and L. Gandhi. (2002). ‘Plumbing the Depths: Toilets, Transparency and Modernity’, Postcolonial Studies 5(2): 137-42.

Edensor, Tim. (2005). “Waste Matter – The Debris of Industrial Ruins and the Disordering of the Material World. Journal of Material Culture, 10(3): 311-332.

Edensor, Tim. (2005). “The Ghosts of Industrial Ruins.” Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 23(6):829-49.

Hand, M., Shove, E., & Southerton, D. (2005). “Explaining Showering: a Discussion of the Material, Conventional, and Temporal Dimensions of Practice.” Sociological Research Online, 10(2).

Hawkins, Gay. (2001). “Plastic Bags: Living with Rubbish.” International Journal of Cultural Studies, 4(1): 5-23.

Hawkins, G. (2004) ‘Shit in Public’, Australian Humanities Review 31-2.

Hanson. R. (2001). “An experiment in (toxic) Indian capitalism?: The Skull Valley Goshutes, new capitalism, and nuclear waste.” PoLAR: Political and Legal Anthropology Review 24(2): 25-38.

Hetherington Kevin. (2004). “Secondhandedness: consumption, disposal, and absent presenceEnvironment and Planning D: Society and Space 22(1): 157 – 173.

Inglis, D. (2002) “Dirt and Denigration: The Faecal Imagery and Rhetorics of Abuse,” Postcolonial Studies 5(2): 207-21.

Jun’icherō, T. (2002). ‘One Thing and Another on the Privy’, Postcolonial Studies 5(2): 147-51.

Kirsch, S. & Mitchell, D. (2004). “The Nature of Things: Dead Labor, Nonhuman Actors, and the Persistence of Marxism,” Antipode 36, 681-699.

Lucas, G. (2002). “Disposability and Dispossession in the Twentieth Century.” Journal of Material Culture 7(5): 18.

Martin, Louise & Nerissa Russell. (2000). “Trashing Rubbish.” In Ian Hodder, ed., Towards Reflexive Method in Archaeology: The Example at Çatalhöyük. Cambridge, UK: McDonald Institute Monographs: 57-69.

McCarthy, J. (2002). “First World political ecology: lessons from the Wise Use movement.” Environment and Planning A. 34, 1281-1302.

Melosi, Martin. (2002). “The Fresno Sanitary Landfill as a National Historic Landmark.” American Society for Environmental History News 13(2): Summer, p1+.

Morgan, M. ( 2002). ‘The Plumbing of Modern Life’, Postcolonial Studies 5(2): 171-95.

Nagle. R. (2002). Sacred Geographies. Fresh Kills: Artists Respond to the Closing of the Landfill, K. Conte et al., eds. Snug Harbor Cultural Center, Newhouse Center for Contemporary Art, Staten Island, NY.

Pink, S. (2005) ‘Dirty Laundry: Everyday Practice, Sensory Engagement and the Constitution of Identity’, Social Anthropology 13(3): 275-90.

Rashid, S.F. & Michaud, S. (2000). “Female Adolescents and Their Sexuality: Notions of Honour, Shame, Purity and Pollution during the Floods.” Disasters. 24(1): 54-70.

Shove, E. (2003). “Converging Conventions of Comfort, Cleanliness and Convenience.” Journal of Consumer Policy 26: 395-418.

Swyngedouw, E., Kaika, M., & Castro, E. (2002). “Urban Water: A Political-Ecology Perspective.Built Environment, 28(2).

Ukeles, M. L. (2002). “Leftovers: It’s About Time for Fresh Kills.” Cabinet 6.

Urban, Michael. (2005). “An uninhabited waste: transforming the Grand Prairie in nineteenth century Illinois, USA.”Journal of Historical Geography, 31(4): 647-665.

Zimring, Carl. (2004). “Dirty Work: How Hygiene and Xenophobia Marginalized the American Waste Trades 1870-1930,” Environmental History, 9(1): 90-112.


Bowler, Ian R. (1998). “Recycling Urban Waste on Farmland: An Actor-Network Interpretation.” Applied Geography 19:29–43.

Bratt. C. (1999). The impact of norms and assumed consequences on recycling behavior. Environment and Behavior 31(5): 630-656

Brekhus, Wayne. (1998). “A Sociology of the Unmarked: Redirecting Our Focus.” Sociological Theory 16(1): 34-51.

Brown, Phil. (1992). “Popular Epidemiology and Toxic Waste Contamination: Lay and Professional Ways of Knowing.” Journal of Health and Social Behavior 33 (3): 267-281.

Colten, Craig. (1994). “Chicago’s waste lands: refuse disposal and urban growth, 1840-1990.” Journal of Historical Geography, 20(2):124-142.

Goddard, Nicholas. (1996). ““A mine of wealth”? The Victorians and the agricultural value of sewage.” Journal of Historical Geography, 22(3): 274-290.

Harvey, D. (1998). “The body as accumulation strategy.Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 16, 401-421.

Horton, S. (1997). “Value, waste and the built environment: Marxian analysis.” Capitalism, Nature, Socialism 8(2): 127-139.

Legator, M. S. and S. F. Strawn (1993). “Public health policies regarding hazardous waste sites and cigarette smoking: an argument by analogy.” Environ Health Perspect 101(1).

O’Brien, M. (1999). “Rubbish Values: Reflections on the Political Economy of Waste.” Science as Culture 8(3): 28.

O’Brien, M. (1999). “Rubbish-Power: Towards a Sociology of the Rubbish Society.” Consuming Cultures: Power and Resistance. J. Hearn and S. Roseneil. Basingstoke New York, Macmillan ;St. Martin’s Press: 262-277.

Osborne, T. (1996) ‘Security and Vitality: Drains, Liberalism and Power in the Nineteenth Century’, pp. 99-122 in A. Barry, T. Osborne and N. Rose (eds) Foucault and Political Reason. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Ratcliffe, Barrie M. 1992. “Perceptions and Realities of the Urban Margin: The Rag Pickers of Paris in the First Half of the Nineteenth Century.” Canadian Journal of History, 27(2):197-233.

Rome, Adam W. (1996). “Coming to Terms with Pollution: The Language of Environmental Reform, 1865-1915.” Environmental History, 1(3): 6-23.

Swyngedouw, E. (1999). “Modernity and hybridity: nature, regeneracionismo, and the production of the Spanish waterscape, 1890-1930.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 89(3), 443-365.

Sullivan, Robert. (1998). Valley of the Garbage Hills. From Meadowlands: Wilderness Adventures at the Edge of a City. New York: Scribner.

Van der Geest, S. (1998). ‘Akan Shit: Getting Rid of Dirt in Ghana,’ Anthropology Today 14: 8-12.


Hanson, James. (1980). “A Proposed Paradigm for Consumer Product Disposition Processes.” Journal of Consumer Affairs, 14(1): 49.

Melosi, Martin V. (1981). Garbage in the Cities: Refuse, Reform and the Environment 1880-1980. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press.

Rathje, William. (1984).”The Garbàge Decade.” American Behavioral Scientist 28(1): 2-29.


Calvino, Italo. (1972). “Cities & the Sky 2″ and “Continuous Cities I” in Invisible Cities. New York: Harcourt.


Larson, L. (1969). “Nineteenth-Century Street Sanitation: A Study of Filth and Frustration.” The Wisconsin Magazine of History 52(3): 9.


Simmel, Georg. (1959). “The Ruin.” In Georg Simmel, 1858-1918. A Collection of Essays, with Translations and a Bibliography. Ohio State University Press, 1959, 259-265.

Stegner, W. (1959). The Town Dump. The Atlantic Monthly, October: 78-80.