Max Liboiron is an Assistant Professor at Memorial University of Newfoundland. Liboiron’s research focuses on how harmful yet invisible threats such as disasters, toxicants, and marine plastics become visible in science and activism, and how these methods of representation relate to action. Liboiron is founder and director of Civic Laboratory for Environmental Action Research (CLEAR), which creates action-oriented citizen science technologies for environmental monitoring of pollution and waste; and is part of the Waste in Science, Technology, Environment (WaSTE) group at Memorial University. Email: mliboiron (at)